||Ultima 16V 2.0 & 2.3 Saloon
||£90 + fitting
||Ignition Wiring Loom
|In the case of the DOHC engines, both the 2 Litre
16V and the 2.3 16V use a wiring loom connecting the engine sensors and the two
ignition modules which fire the spark plugs. The loom snakes about around the
front of the cylinder head and across the inlet manifold and part of it enters
the cylinder head cover.
Experience has shown that the insulation on these wires is vulnerable to
cracking. This can allow signal loss or induction, and even shorting, and this
leads to misfire, hesitation on acceleration, and poor or unstable idle.
The picture below shows the damaged loom from Pete C's 2L 16V. It had been
temporarily repaired with insulation tape by a local garage mechanic who had
spotted it during an MOT inspection.
The condition of the insulation can clearly be seen on this shot from Pete C.
Deep cracks and the complete loss of insulation close to this plug. The merest
touch against each other, or to earth on the cylinder head, or a touch of
moisture and you have loss of signal to the spark modules and misfires.
The loom concerned is called the Fuel Cut-off Loom and this should be inspected
carefully, especially beneath the inspection cover on the cylinder head where
the heat appears to cause the wire insulation to crack. If any cracking is found
it would be possible to insulate or replace damaged areas, wire by wire, but realistically
this can only be regarded as a temporary measure.
The loom can be ordered from a Ford Main Dealer, cost about £90, depending on
discounts available. It can be fitted by the owner.
Dell, a 2.3 owner, fitted his own loom and supplied the following pictures.
Although it looks intimidating he states that it fairly easy to fit.
He did it piece by piece, starting at the top of the engine by
disconnecting the coils first and worked his way down to the bottom,
disconnecting the old and connecting the new as he went along. It was daunting
to look at but quite straightforward to carry out.
His only difficulty was connecting the last 2 plugs due to having short arms.
One was a small circular rubber plug with a central connector which had to be
pushed onto a single pin (like a small threaded bolt) around the oil filter area
on the engine block, having short arms made it difficult to push home. The other
was a multi plug near the rear of the engine underneath, the original route went
around a "strut": it plugged in but he didn't seem to have enough slack so just
took it direct. A friend of his with longer arms did it in a jiffy, where Dell
had been struggling for some time.
Nodge on the Forum also advises a careful check on the Coil
Packs. He has found damage to the HT extension that passes down to the
the crack Nodge found on the coil pack can clearly be seen - this caused a
misfire, so be prepared to change the pack if this is found.
Thanks to Pete C and Dell for the pix and detail
and to Nodge for the last pic.