FAQS for the Ford Scorpio
Is there anywhere I can find the
answer to a problem quickly?
|Yes. There is a new
Fault Finding page with all the latest advice
to buy a Scorpio. Do you have any advice on what to look for?
|Yes. There is a detailed list of things to check on
DO NOT buy a Scorpio without reading
Will I be able to buy a Haynes manual for
the Scorpio in the future or can I get a Ford workshop
Haynes have no plans to write a manual and Ford only
supply to their Main Dealers. The Scorpio was only in
production from 10/94 to 7/98 and we must assume that
the production numbers fail to justify the cost. However, in 2002 Ford (Europe) sent us the Technical Information
System (TIS) disk covering the Scorpio. We have converted these files
into PDF (Acrobat) format so you can download the sections of the Workshop
Manual that you need from
List or the
Forum to talk to knowledgeable members about
All new owners need to
Do I have to get a Ford Main Dealer to
service the car?
No. The schedule and details of the
Should I be able to see the battery? I notice
a screw thread sticking up from the battery retention
should not be able to see the battery. It should be
protected by a plastic cover which fits neatly in the
partition. It prevents water running into the ancillary
fuse box and relay box, which are fitted next to the
battery. If these become
waterlogged all sorts of weird
electrical symptoms will occur. Obtain and fit a cover
as soon as possible, Finis for RHD is 1 011 540,
for LHD 1 011 536
It is VERY IMPORTANT that you
keep the battery shelf drain holes clear - check this at least yearly
Where did you get those splendid
exploded diagrams from? Aren't they Ford Catalogue images?
The exploded diagrams are
pre-production images for the Ford parts catalogue and they were sent to us by
Ford with permission to use them on the site to help their
Do you think that the Scorpio is
Fords' best ever large long distance tourer?
Iím going abroad
soon but I canít find any masks for the headlights.
headlights can be adjusted yourself Ė see Headlights
for how to change them, and back again.|
Is it true that
the electronics on the Scorpio can be damaged by
jump-starting or welding?
Yes. Follow this
advice before jump-starting to - or from - the
Scorpio, and warn any workshop staff before welding on
My Scorpio is
supposed to have headlamp washers, but there are only
flat shapes on the front bumper.
|The washers are there. They
pop up under water pressure when they operate and then
drop back flush when out of use.|
Washers blocking up
For some reason
my windscreen washers keep blocking up. I clear the
washers but then they block again.
This is most often
caused by a previous owner adding washing-up liquid to the
reservoir - the soap reacts with the proper washer fluid
and forms a 'cotton wool' contaminant. The best way to fix
this is to remove the reservoir from the offside wing and
flush the whole system out.
The indicators donít flash when I lock the
doors with the remote so I donít know if they are locked
are not. Should they flash and can I get them to?
a pain. For some reason, on UK vehicles Ford did not set
the indicators to flash confirmation of the doors
locking. The computer can be programmed to do so using
or the later WDS,
but Ford will charge. Ask to have it done during a service
and negotiate the price with the service manager;
or have a look at these
My remote has stopped
working. Do I have to get Ford to reprogram it?
instructions in the
handbook are wrong. Look at
Control Reset for instructions to do it
Do I need additional immobilisers on my Scorpio?
Security on the Scorpio is very good. The locks are
covered against slimjims and the
immobilises the entire engine
management system so that even an identical key wonít
work. It could be towed away, though - and make sure your car
keys are safe because if they are stolen, so is your car.
Alarm & Electrical problems:
alarm keeps going off for no apparent reason. Other
symptoms include electrical systems like climate control
and the instrument needles flicking round when
Modern batteries are known to fail very
suddenly - this can happen literally overnight! In the failing period system voltage
can drop below a critical level and this causes electronic modules to reset.
Have the battery discharge tested and
replace as necessary.
Next suspect the
alternator - even if it is
charging if the diodes fail it can cause odd
Also check the
show half way
fuel and temperature gauges show half, even when
completely cold. They flick back later. What is this?
This is a common
fault in the soldering on the circuit board for the
instrument panel. A new one costs about £150 - but an
owner has worked out how to
I nearly ruptured
myself putting the new battery onto the shelf. Is this a
joke or what?
The battery shelf
has a partition that can be removed. If you lift the
sealing rubber off the top of the compartment wall and
look closely at the side you'll see two 'fir tree' fasteners each side that can be
removed. The front of the battery partition comes away and
makes the job a lot easier - especially with the heavy
duty battery! See
WIndows One-touch operation
After I changed
the battery I notice that the windows won't one-touch open
or close any more. Is something broken?
No. The window
module needs reprogramming to the window positions.
Simply open the window on the button until it's fully
down, then release and press the down button for 1 second.
Then wind the window fully up on the button, release and
hold the Up button for 1 second. That's it - job's done.
The car has
suddenly taken to odd behaviour, like the lights coming on
and the windows opening by themselves.
This is most often caused by water
ingress into the fuse box, (beneath the driver's side
windscreen), or the
auxillary fuse box, See
An Owner has
repaired a main
If the lights alone are effected, check the rear of the
headlight switch - these can overheat.
How do I change the bulbs in the
instructions on Fascia
KPH on Trip Computer
How do I change the Trip Computer from Litres/Km to
Press and hold the S button and then
press the R button. This will flip the display from Metric to Imperial. You
will hear a chime when it changes. If nothing happens the switch contacts are
probably dirty. You can dismantle the unit and
clean the contacts (use extreme care when opening), or you can buy a new one
from a Main Dealer, Finis 7142892
And look at the
ENGINE & GEARBOX
Engine Rattle from
My 24V has a slight rattle when started from
a known fault with the earlier
cam chain tensioner on the
24V Cosworth. These are hydraulic and drain overnight. A
redesigned one can be fitted cost about £200. See Faults.
If the rattle persists, or you can hear the rattle while the
engine is hot then you need to consider changing the
timing chains as a matter of urgency.
This whole issue is discussed at length
Cleaning the Engine
I want to get the engine clean.
Could I use a pressure-washer?
No, No, No! Hi pressure water or steam can
remove waterproof grease on the electrical multiplugs, soak the ignition and
alternator and cause great expense. See Engine Cleaning
Change Drive (fan)
How do I change the drive belts on my
Instructions for changing the drive belts for
all models is on Drivebelts.
Sometimes when I accelerate hard or the
cruise control is on I get a heavy vibration as if I'm
going over a cattle grid. What is this?
noise has been reported by many owners, and may be
caused by a worn seal on the transmission fluid pump,
Grid. Owners have experienced the noise for years
without it getting
I donít want to
take chances Ė should the cambelt be changed on the DOHC
Fibre timing belts are not used on the Scorpio engine. They use
simplex chains which do not require changing in normal
service. See Timing
Auto Gearbox O/D light
overdrive light keeps flashing, and the auto gearbox is
behaving strangely. I've been told that the gearbox
probably needs changing, would this be true?
behaves strangely - it won't change gear properly but
the O/D light doesn't flash
- First of all,
This becomes sooty and can cause loss of O/D and
incorrect ratio errors.
DOHC owners can
find insulation problems with their engine
- The DOHC and
owners can read their own Diagnostic Trouble Codes (see
Once you have the reading you can put
it up on the
Mailing List for advice.
12V and possibly
diesel owners may check their
- Very rarely,
owners of earlier Scorpios have experienced problems
with the engine bay
- You can test
your own gearbox loom - see Looms
I have a problem with the auto box
but my garage tells me they canít find
they have no excuses. FDS2000
and WDS reads problem codes
(DTCs) direct from the
Start banging the managerís table or take it to a
different Main Dealer, or find
another owner who has an
lead - many owners have successfully diagnosed
their own problems and repaired them successfully.
Engine Part-Throttle Misfire
engine has started to misfire on part
all of the plumbing for the EGR carefully, because this
can leak air into the inlet manifold. Sometimes the
pipes have been damaged or have worked loose. See Misfire
Not to be
mistaken for an actual misfire (above) I can feel the
engine definitely hesitate at mid-throttle around 60mph
to 75 mph.
In several cases owners have
experienced this and traced it to failing
HO2S sensors. This effected the fuelling of the
engine, although there was no other symptom.
My DOHC engine
has developed a misfire during idle and at higher rpm
the engine misfires again. I've changed the spark plugs
but it's still the same.
This is most often caused by the wiring
between the engine sensors, the spark modules and the
control module. On the
engines this is called the
Cut Off loom and can be repaired or replaced by the owner. Use proper
waterproof grease for the connectors, Finis 5 030 186.
My Scorpio idle
is poor. Sometimes the engine races: on other occasions
the engine stumbles and stalls. I've tried to clean the
Idle Control Valve.
Newer engines are
less susceptible to dirty IAC valves, although this often
worked on the 12V Cologne engine.
Idle gives some detail for this issue. Also look at
the Idle test on the
Comprehensive Component Monitor in
In the case of a
racing idle when cold, this may simply be caused by a
nearly empty fuel tank, or a loosely applied petrol filler
Iíve been told that the
DOHC2000 16V is from the RS2000. Is this true?
The 16V is an updated version of the RS2000 engine,
sharing some parts, like the valves for example.
2.3 Timing Chains
Iíve heard that
the DOHC 2.3 engine is prone to breaking timing chains.
Is this true?
Early versions of the engine had some trouble with the
balancer shafts drive chains, but they were
changed in production in
This engine is used in the 2.3 Galaxy, (mounted
transversely) and is a powerful and refined unit.
Is the Scorpio 2.5 TDI
Diesel the same as in the Granada?
both use the Vittori-manufactured (VM)
turbo-diesel. In 9/96 an updated VM diesel with more power and
torque was introduced. See Granada
Can the Scorpio engines be converted to
owners have converted several engines to LPG
and they have written up their work on 16V
My Scorpio has steel
wheels. Did Ford have a range of Alloys for fitment?
they are still available, you can see the Ford alloys in
Options. The Scorpio changed to a 4 stud pattern rather
than the 5 stud fitted to Granadas.
My Scorpio seems to wander about on the
road, following the camber etc. Could this be down to
worn tyres can cause steering wander. On some cars the
front radius arms (wishbone) inner bushes have failed
and these are serviceable. Worn outer balljoints are
not, however, and the radius arm (wishbones) must be
Steering Wander II
I have steering
wander and excessive front tyre wear. I've been told
that the rack bushes are shot and that the rack isn't
serviceable. Is this right?
No. The rack bushes (actually they are
ball joints) are replaceable. See
steering rack wear is not owner -repairable because Ford
has not issued a repair kit. Replacement Racks
can be purchased for £250 - £400.
I have noticed a steering shake. The
tyres were balanced and I noticed that a wheel rim was
flattened on the inside. Could this cause it?
flattened rim on the front will cause a steering shake
and on the rear it will cause a drone, increasing in
loudness with speed. On alloy wheels inner rims are
prone to damage even at a very low speed so avoid
kerbing and treat ramps with great care. See Alloy
Steering Shake at
I've noticed a heavy
shake on the steering wheel when I'm parking. Is this
Ford recognised a problem with the
power steering pressure pipe and issued several Technical
Service Bulletins to replace the pipe for a different one.
This can still be done, cost about £100. See
after garage work
After a service I
notice that the steering shakes when I manoeuvre at low
speeds. Have the garage broken something?
No. This has been reported by many
owners and is very common. The steering has been on full
droop on the lift and is now adjusting back to normal
position. The 'shake' will disappear after a few days.
under light braking
When I brake
lightly I can feel the steering shaking- but not when I
This is often caused
by a warped brake disk, and they may need
changing. Bear in mind that a corroded or warped rear
as well as front disk can cause steering shake because of
the fluid-pressure effect through to the front calipers.
I can hear a
rattling noise from the suspension
A light rattling
noise going over rough surfaces is most often the
Arms between the anti-roll (stabiliser) bar and the
A heavier clonking
noise (at low maneouvring speed and changing steering
lock) is most often a failing inner
arm (wishbone) bush.
Lever too high
lever is too high and it will fail the MOT. DO I lower it using the adjuster on
|No, No, NO ! This is the
Handbrake Cable Adjuster, not the handbrake adjuster ! The handbrake
should adjust itself automatically by the mechanism inside the rear brake
calipers. See Adjust Handbrake|
My climate control doesnít seem to
keep my feet cool.
The climate control computer needs
from time to time.
On very hot days
my climate control struggles to get the temperature
down. Is it working correctly?
Yes, the system is set
very conservatively to prevent the evaporator from
freezing up. However, this
modification lowers the vent temperatures.
I don't know much
about airconditioning. If something goes wrong will I have
to pay a main dealer?
No. If you have a problem with the
air conditioning or climate control virtually every possibility is covered on
A Granada site says that
changes between the Scorpio and the Granada were just
panels, transmission, front and rear suspension, engine
management, all the engines, internal wiring, fascia,
radio, instruments, front seats and security systems were all
redesigned. Circuit testers must not be used on the
central-locking or airbag systems. The basic floorpan
remained unchanged. Oh, and some of the window glass is the
same. See Granada
Luggage Cover Rattles
On my Estate the
luggage cover rattles and creaks when I drive over rough
ground. Is this a known problem?
Yes. Ford revised the end caps for the
luggage cover. You can order them and fit them yourself.
Finis 1 040 316. Alternatively, fit the rubber bands
Nokia use on the wire for their mobile phone chargers
around the squares on the end caps.
Cleaning the Leather
Iíve not had a leather
interior before. How can I clean the seats without them
use silicon polishes on the leather. For info on how to
clean the seats properly, go to Working
that the new Scorpios had updated radios in them, but
mine has the old style Ford 2007 fitting.
audio systems for the Scorpio remained the same as the
Granada until the second half of 1995, when the new
double-height 5000 to 7000 units were fitted in
production. For wiring details see Radio
If you want to
upgrade the earlier radio to the later model see
Iíve had Granadas for years
but how is the Scorpio different from them?
to Scorpio for details of all the
The Scorpio is
coming up to nine years old. Are there any modifications
available to upgrade it?
Yes. Some of our owners have used their
considerable technical skills to upgrade some of the
Scorpio's functions. See
EXTERIOR & BODYWORK
|Estate Rear Wiper
How on earth do I get the rear wiper
off my Estate?
This is shown in the
Estate Tailgate loose
The tailgate on my
Estate is loose and rattles badly.
The locking pin for the tailgate is covered with a plastic
sleeve to prevent the metal-to-metal rattle with the latch lever. See
Recently I saw a
Scorpio with Ultima badges on the rear doors. Why are they
not on mine?
The Ultima door badge
was introduced in 1996. You can fit them - and other -
badges as shown
Missing Kerb Lights
I notice that earlier
Ultimas had kerb lights and warning lights on the doors, but
they are missing on my 98 Ultima. What's happened to them?
In November 1997 Ford
facelift model Scorpio and some of the minor detailing,
like the kerb and door lights and the illuminated passenger
mirror, were deleted.
Is there any advice
to prevent corrosion on the Scorpio?
Yes, check out the